Rajsthan Darshan Tours Kerala-Kanyakumari Tours Shimala-Kullu-Manali Package Jammu-Kashmir-Vaishnodevi

 

Jammu Kashmir - Vaishnodevi - Amritsar

 

The state of Jammu & Kashmir is a region of widely varying people and geography. In the south, Jammu is a transition zone from the Indian plains to the Himalayas. Nature has lavishly endowed Kashmir with certain distinctive features that are paralleled by few alpine regions in the world. It is the land of snow clad mountains that shares a common boundary with Afghanistan, China and Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of the Indian Union. Known for its extravagant natural beauty this land formed a major caravan route in ancient times.
 
 
Jammu : officially called Jammu-Tawi, is the largest city in Jammu and the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu City is also known as "City of Temples" as it has many temples and shrines, with glittering shikaras soaring into the sky, which dot the city’s skyline, creating the ambiance of a holy and peaceful Hindu city.
 
Home to some of India's most popular Hindu shrines, such as Vaishno Devi,Jammu is a major pilgrimage centre for Hindus. The majority of Jammu's population practices Hinduism, hile Islam and Sikhism enjoy a strong cultural heritage in the region. Due to relatively better infrastructure, Jammu has emerged as the main economic center of the state.
 
Kashmir : In the first half of the 1st millennium, the Kashmir region became an important centre of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later still, in the ninth century, Kashmir Shaivism arose. In 1349, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir, inaugurating the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Swati dynasty. For 26 until 1751, and the Afghan Durrani Empire, which ruled from 1747 until 1820.[2] That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir. In 1846, after the Sikh defeat in the First Anglo-Sikh War, and upon the purchase of the region from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar, the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, became the new ruler of Kashmir. The rule of his descendants, under the paramountcy (or tutelage) of the British Crown, lasted until 1947, when the former princely state became a disputed territory, now administered by three countries: India, Pakistan, and the People's Republic of China.
 

In the British census of India of 1941, Kashmir registered a Muslim majority population of 77%, a Hindu population of 20% and a sparse population of Buddhists and Sikhs comprising the remaining 3%.

 
Vaishno Devi shrine The town of Katra, which is close to Jammu, contains the Vaishno Devi shrine. Nestling on top of the Trikuta Hills at a height of 1700 m is the sacred cave shrine of Vaishno Devi, the mother goddess. At a distance of 48 km from Jammu, the cave is 30 metres long and just 1.5 metres high. At the end of the cave are shrines dedicated to the three forms of the mother goddess-Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasarasvati. Pilgrims start trekking to the cave temple, which is 13 km from Katra, enter in small groups through a narrow opening and walk through ice-cold waters to reach the shrines. According to legend, the mother goddess hid in the cave while escaping a demon whom she ultimately killed.
 
Gulmarg is well known for its amazing natural beauty and it is counted as one of the unique tourist destinations in the world. Gulmarg is surrounded by dense forest. This place is famous for its golf hikes and beautiful highland golf course. The natural beauty accompanied with clean fresh air and a beautiful environment highlights Gulmarg as a major tourist destination.
 
Sonmarg The way to reach Sonmarg or the Meadow of the gold is from the sindh valley. This valley also shows more amazing facet in kashmir. Sonmarg is located at an altitude of around 2730 meters from the sea level; it has Snow Mountains as its backdrop against the sky.
 
Raghunath Temple is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shri Rama. All the inner walls of this temple are covered with gold, on three sides. Galleries of this temples are covered with ‘ Saligrams’. The other surrounding temples are related to other gods from the Ramayana. This temple is located in the centre or we can say in the heart of Jammu.
 
Bahu Fort was modified and improved by Dogra Rulers of Jammu but first it was built by the Raja Bahulochan. This fort is located at a distance of around 5 km from the main city and perhaps is the oldest edifice in the Jammu. This fort is facing the Tawi River. There is a temple of goddess kali in the fort.
 
Vernag Spring and Mughal Garden - A fresh water spring and a Mughal garden next to it, spring is chief source of Jhelum River.
Srinagar - Capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a popular hill station
    Dal lake - famous lake in Srinagar, with house boats called shikharas.
    Manasbal Lake
    Shalimar Gardens - Mughal Garden
    Nishant Gardens - Mughal Garden
    Chashme Shahi - Mughal Garden
    Badamwari Garden
    Pari Mahal - old monument of Pari Mahal, one can have full view of Dal Lake.
    Shankaracharya Temple - Ancient Temple of Lord Shiva
    Hari Parbat - Ancient Temple of Goddess Sharika Bhagwati and an old fort on this hill.
    Kheer Bhawani Temple
Gulmarg - Popular hill station and skiing destination.
Pahalgam - Hill station
Betaab Valley - A lush green valley 15km from Pahalgam where the movie Betaab was shot.
Sonmarg - Hill station
Yusmarg - Hill station
Aru - scenic valley
 
Amritsar : It is a city in the north-western part of India. It is the spiritual centre for the Sikh religion and the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district in the state of Punjab.
 
Golden Temple : It is home to the Harmandir Sahib (referred to as the "Golden Temple" in the western media), the spiritual and cultural center for the Sikh religion. This important Sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal with more than 100,000 visitors on week days alone and is the most popular destination for Non-resident Indians (NRI) in the whole of India. The city also houses the Sikh temporal and political authority, Akal Takht, as well as the Sikh Parliament.
 
Jallianwala Bagh massacre : Jallianwala Bagh massacre, involving the killing of over 300 Indian civilians by a senior British military officer, Reginald Edward Harry Dyer which took place on 13 April 1919 in the heart of Amritsar, the holiest city of the Sikhs, took place on a day sacred to them as the birth anniversary of the Khalsa (Vaisakhi day).
 
Wagah border : The border is located 22 km (13.75 mi) from Lahore and 28 km (17.5 mi) from Amritsar. Wagah, named Wahga in Pakistan, is a village through which the controversial Radcliffe Line, the boundary demarcation line dividing India and Pakistan upon the Partition of India, was drawn. The village was divided by independence in 1947. Today, the eastern half of the village remains in the Republic of India while the western half is in Pakistan.It is particularly known for the elaborate Wagah border ceremony that happens at the border gate before sunset each day.
 
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